Want to Avoid Pregnancy?
If you are not ready to get pregnant, but are sexually active, there are a number of contraception methods that can reduce the risk of an unwanted pregnancy.
- The proper use of a condom is 90% effective against an unwanted pregnancy. Always ensure a condom is used at the very beginning of intercourse and every time you have intercourse. If a condom bursts, see a doctor for emergency contraception within 24 hours of intercourse although some 24 hours pharmacy may be able to provide emergency contraception, which is effective up to up to 5 days after intercourse but is more effective the sooner it is taken.
- Hormonal contraception is often suitable for young healthy women and there are many different brands with different beneficial profiles and side effects. You can decide which type is suitable for you balancing the information on different risks and benefits. The choice between daily oral pills, weekly patches, monthly or 3-monthly injectables depends on your health, your memory and discipline to use them and the side effects that you may experience.
IUCD, Copper coils or Mirena
- IUCD, Copper coils or Mirena are very effective, convenient and can last for five years. Mirena is a coil with hormonal treatment, may be particularly suitable for women who cannot tolerate the side effects of the contraceptive pill or who have period problems but need to be fitted by a doctor.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
- The proper use of a condom will reduce (but not completely eliminate) the risk of STDs. There are many types of STD including gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomonas, syphilis, HIV, herpes, and warts. Screening before embarking on intercourse will reduce the risk of exposure to STD’s.
Virtually all STDs are treatable and most of them are curable with simple treatment. Yeast infections are common in women, especially in humid climates, and are easily mistaken for STD. Do not be afraid or too embarrassed to see a doctor for a checkup or treatment.